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    Posted: 30 March 2005 at 1:53am

The Sardar with a Sufi soul-- Rabbi
Karim Waheed

When you hear his name, it sounds like one of those Punjabi DJs trying to make it big with some stereotypical bhangra song but if you follow the satellite music channels, chances are you probably have seen him. Rabbi Shergill - a sardar, dressed in traditional Sikh attire with a guitar, singing a Sufi song. The video is striking because of the contrasting images you see. The fresh earthiness and 'straight from the heart' message of the song exalted by Rabbi's vocal skills take you to another realm, a realm of tranquility.

This song is Bulla Ki Jana Main Kaun, the highlight of his self-titled album Rabbi, was originally written by Sufi Saint Baba Bulla Shah. For those hardcore Rabbi fans, on the lookout for Bulla trivia, Baba Bulla Shah was born as Abdullah Shah in 1680 in a village in Bahawalpur called Uch Gilania, a part of Pakistan.

Baba Bulla Shah's verses are said to have influenced such eminent names as Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan, Abida Parveen and Junoon.

The translated version of the lyrics provided with the album is enough to stir your mind.

The rest of the songs in the album blend well, making it a "must have". But there is no denying the fact that Bulla Ki Jana... is a class apart.

The lyrics for the songs, except Bulla Ki Jana... , Ishtihar and Heer, have been written by Rabbi himself.

Varis Shah has penned the epic love story of Heer, her lover Ranjha and their doomed love, sometime in the 18th century. Ishtihar means advertisement. Written by Shiv Kumar Batalvi, it is a song about someone looking for love Totia Manmotia is the re-interpreted version of a Punjabi bedtime fable about two parrots.

Travels to such places as Kashmir, Punjab, Bombay and Delhi and some anecdotes form the theme for Jugni. Rabbi's `love affair' with his guitar is evident throughout the album. Gill te guitar narrates the escapades with his chums. It was those friends who introduced Rabbi to Bruce Springsteen, U2 and to his fascination for the guitar. The compositions of Tere Bin, Ajj Nachna and Ek Geet Hijar Da too succeed in maintaining the mood created by Bulla Ki Jana...

Rabbi Shergill's talent has won him recognition. He was approached by several filmmakers, such as Shashank Ghose for his Waisa Bhi Hota Hai Part II but Rabbi was not ready to part with his composition of Bulla Ki Jana... and he even refused Pooja Bhatt's offer to work for Paap. The album - Rabbi, released by Phat Phish Records, has perhaps justified his decision to make a mark on his own.

Here is a translated excerpt from the song Bulla Ki Jana...

Nor did I create the difference of Faith
Nor did I create Adam-Eve
Nor did I name myself
Beginning or end I know just the self
Do not recognise "the other one”
There's none wiser than I
Who is this Bulla Shah
Bulla, I know not who I am

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Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote Jujhar Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 30 March 2005 at 5:32am

I m a gr8 admirer of this singer Rabbi Shergil---I love his name...and he has a gr8 voice too.

This song has a gr8 message we can learn from it also. Like in this song  Bulle shah is trying to recognize himself. we shld also think that who I m and where do I stand as a Human being....we shld work on our character and learn to live life according to the Universal truth.

We can learn from anywhere, then why not from songs also...

Regards

 

�.���`�."Life is ten percent what you make it and ninety percent how you take it"�.���`�.�
Request- This is Everyone's forum, so please participate in it by posting...
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Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote Khoji Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 10 April 2005 at 2:52am



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MAHAL
FREMONT — A Fremont california's doctor has been named head of California’s largest medical association, becoming the first Sikh physician to hold such a position in the United States.

Anmol S. Mahal, a Fremont gastroenterologist, was elected president-elect of the California Medical Association during the group’s 134th annual House of Delegates meeting in Anaheim this month.

In a statement, Mahal said he supports expanding
access to health care for all Californians.

"With improving technology and better tools and techniques, a golden age of medicine lies in the future for Californians," he said. "We are living longer and are healthier than ever before. The challenge for the health care system is to find the resources so that all Californians can get the timely and equal access to health care."

Mahal, 55, will take office next
year as president of the association, which represents 35,000 doctors of all specialties.

He previously had served as chair and vice chair of the group’s board of trustees, on which he has served for nine years.

He is board-certified in internal medicine and gastroenterology, and he was a founding member, past president and board member of the American Association of Physicians of Indian Origin of Northern California. He also is
a former chief of staff at Washington.

His wife and daughter also are doctors. Mahal’s wife, Surjit K. Mahal, is a family physician practicing in Fremont. They have two children, Subena Mahal, 28, a family practice resident, and Vikram, 23, a college student.

Mahal received his medical degree from the All India Institute of Medical Sciences in New Delhi, India, and he performed his internship in internal medicine at
the College of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey in Newark. He completed a fellowship in gastroenterology at the Stanford University Medical Center.

He serves on the American Medical Association’s Commission to End Health Disparities, on the board of directors of the India Community Center in Milpitas and on the board of trustees of the Sikh Foundation in Palo Alto.

He was appointed recently to the state’s Emergency
Medical Services Authority, which oversees access to emergency care in the state.

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Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote Khoji Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 14 April 2005 at 12:02am

 

nice Vedio view it by clicking here

Bulla Ki Jana Mein Kyong? ( Kafi written by Baba Bullay Shah )
View or download this video by clicking here.

\



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Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote Khoji Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 16 April 2005 at 8:44pm

Canadian Sikhs return home to share success
           Ramesh Ramachandran
           Tribune News Service
           New Delhi, April 7
Twentyone years after he left India in search of a better life, Avtar
S. Pall is back home to share his expertise with Indian partners in
making earthquake-proof buildings. Sunny Sodhi is keen on helping
corporates tackle legal issues, while Surjit Babra believes he has
solutions to overcome transportation challenges.
Pall, Sodhi and Babra are all members of a growing tribe of successful
and influential Canadian Sikhs who started out with nothing but a
dream and an intense desire to succeed. Today they are helping forge
closer economic ties between the two nations and in the process
redefining the contributions by the Indian diaspora.
They are among 65 delegates from 51 companies, government officials
and agencies who accompanied Canada's Minister of International Trade
Jim Peterson on a trade mission to India from April 3 to 7.
Pall is the pioneer in friction-dampening devices that can make
buildings safer. Sodhi is a lawyer with Torys LLP, an international
business law firm, while Babra is the chairman and president of
SkyLink Aviation Inc. The company is an internationally licensed
operator of aircraft and helicopters.
Pall, who was born in Hoshiarpur, came up with the idea of a friction
damper when he was working as an engineer in India. But it wasn't
until he moved to Canada in 1974 to pursue a doctorate that he had
access to the computers and testing facilities he needed for his
research. He worked on his invention for about 12 years before
patenting it.
The dampers are attached into a building's structure and act as a
shock absorber during an earthquake. When the earth moves, the dampers
act as "brake pads", enabling a building to ride out the shock waves
without suffering any damage. When Pall's dampers are used for
retrofitting of buildings, the savings can reach 60 per cent.
Pall's company is interested in technology transfer to India so that
quality friction dampers can be economically manufactured for domestic use.

------------------------------------------------------------ --

 

 



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Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote Khoji Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 21 April 2005 at 2:22am

 

 

DR. MANMOHAN SINGH AMG. MOST INFLUENTIAL PRSNS IN THE WORld

There is happy news, there is good news for Sonia Gandhi, UPA Chairperson and for Dr. Manmohan Singh, our Prime Minister.
The latest TIME magazine, dated
Apr. 18, 2005
, has brought out a special issue of hundred most influential people of the world, in which Dr. Singh figures in the category of 'leaders and revolutionaries.'
Since, Dr. Singh was selected as Prime Minister by Sonia Gandhi; this should indeed be a good news for her.
However, for Dr. Singh, there cannot be a greater compliment than being chosen by TIME magazine as one among the 100 most influential people of today.
And what is still more pleasing and satisfying is that the write up on Dr. Singh in the magazine was by no lesser a person than the Nobel laureate Dr. Amartya Sen. This is what he wrote: Manmohan Singh, The Blue-Turbaned Revolutionary.

Can an astute economist, a famous Professor and a superb civil servant also be an outstanding Prime Minister? Can someone without a populist political base be secure as the head of a democratic government? Can a country in which more than 80 per cent of the people are Hindus be comfortable with a blue-turbaned Sikh Prime Minister in addition to a Muslim President and a Christian leader of the ruling party? If the answer to all those questions is yes (as seems plausible enough), that says something not only about the nature of India but also about Manmohan Singh's deep humanity and breadth of vision, which inspire widespread confidence.
As Finance Minister in the early-to mid-'90s, Singh, 72, was the pioneering leader of India's economic reforms, which restrained the all-powerful Indian bureaucrat, and sought — and found — a significant place for India in the global economy. And yet, given the asymmetric sharing of the fruits of expansion, the subsequent government's proud but insensitive slogan, "
India
shining", was a peculiarly divisive theme. Who better, then, than the architect of the pro-market reforms to take the country's reins and emphasize the need for a less unequal distribution, and the urgency of supplementing a flourishing market economy by strengthening social services and the societal infrastructure.
The man in the blue turban, despite his great success, has remained approachable and ready to listen and instinctively sympathetic to the underdogs of society. 
 
 


 









 

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Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote Khoji Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 13 June 2005 at 6:37pm
World's oldest marathon runner completes race.

Nabanita Sircar

London, June 13, 2005

The 94-year-old Sikh, Fauja Singh from Punjab who is the world's oldest marathon runner successfully completed the Edinburgh Marathon on Sunday.

Singh, father of four and grandfather of 13, was among the 11,000 participants. He said: "By running as the oldest ever marathon relay team, I hope we will inspire young people to keep going and older people never to give up."

Singh, a Darfur refugee, and his team of five runners, competing under the name Sikhs in the City, boasted a combined age of 397. He said: "I am extremely honoured to have been invited to start this year's Edinburgh Marathon." Organisers said the event raised £1.5 million for more than 100 good causes, as well as generating an estimated £1 million for the local economy.

The Protect Darfur campaign also put forward a team for the relay marathon, which included Anwar Bakar, a 24-year-old Darfur man who has been refused asylum in the UK and told it is safe to return. He used the marathon as a means of raising awareness of the campaign, and called on the government to understand that his people, the Fur, could be wiped out. He said: "They (the Janjaweed militia) will keep doing this. As soon as they know you are Fur, they kill you immediately. They will wipe out our whole race.

"They want to be in power. They just imagine that we are an idiot people, that we are just ignorant, that we shouldn't have anything to do with them because we are a weak people."



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Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote Khoji Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 03 July 2005 at 6:51pm
Fauja Singh sets 5 new records
http://www.ndtv.com/sports/showsports.asp?sportname=Athletic s&story=Sikh+athlete+sets+new+records+in+London&id=2 3287

Athletics: Sikh athlete sets new records in London

Sucharita Ghosh

Sunday, July 3, 2005 (London):

Fauja Singh took part in local village sports in Punjab before the Second World War.

He moved to London when his wife died, and started to run again after a break of 53 years.

Now at 94, he can't stop breaking world records.

"He is an inspiration because he has set five UK records. He has achieved more in one day than an athlete normally does in a lifetime," said Bridget Cushen, Secretary, British Masters Athletic Federation.

Creating history

Fauja created history at a community marathon event in London.

In the senior category, he not only set a new 200m title, but halved it from 76.8 seconds to a mere 49.28 seconds.

He has also set the UK record for the 400 meters, 800m, 1 mile, and 3000m.

If that wasn't enough, he attempted all the records in under 94 minutes. And even that's not all he's achieved in a hurry.

Towering figure

Fauja has spent only 10 years in the UK, but today he is a towering figure in British society.

He is also the face of Adidas alongside the likes of David Beckham in the 'Impossible is nothing' campaign.

"I have no secret to my success. Just three things--I look after my health, train and stay happy," he said.

Fauja has many moments to be proud of, but being chosen as the Olympic torchbearer through London remains one of his most cherished.

However, Sikhs in England warn that if Paris wins the 2012 Olympic bid, stories like Fauja's may never be told.

Religious bans

"France has decided to enforce their form of secularism which denies the individual their religious identity. They are denying Sikhs the turban, the
Muslims their hijab and other people of faith their symbols," said Harmander Singh, Fauja's trainer.

"To us the turban is very important, and Fauja Singh wears a turban. He's set world records and other things wearing a turban. Imagine what will happen if the IOC decides to give Paris the Olympic bid," he said.

"Will people like Fauja be able to participate? We think it's an unnecessary pressure on people of faith," he added.

People are now hoping that the 'Turban records', named in protest against France's ban on religious headgear, will go that extra mile to tip the Olympic bid in London's favour.


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Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote Khoji Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 12 July 2005 at 2:10am

 

http://www.bhaitajvindersingh.com/index.shtml

http://www.bhaitajvindersingh.com/keertan.shtml

PROFILE

tajvinder            tajvinder tabla

  • Name: Tajvinder Singh Jodhka
  • Born: Hollywood, California (USA)
  • First Shabad was "Saadho Gobind Ke Gun Gaavo" from his mother at the age of 8
  • First tabla taal was Keherwa; enjoys playing and listening
  • First cassette release by Super Diamond Music Industries, "Raakha Ek Hamaara Swaami" (Aug 2004)
  • Favorite ragi jathas are Bhai Rajinder Singh Ji of Singapore and Bhai Satwinder Singh Ji of Delhi.
  • Goal is to become an international ragi after completing four year university (2003-2007)
  • Web site was created Aug 2004
  • Life is short, energy limited, with this limited energy we have to find the unlimited; with this short life we have to find the eternal. Don?t waste it with unimportant matters

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    Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote Tejbir Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 14 July 2005 at 11:37am
    thanx for ur tremendous n in good qty information Khoji G....
    We can be Happy or WE can be Right!!!



    Choice is ours...
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    Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote Bhupi_TheSeeker Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 16 July 2005 at 7:08am
    For those who the "Bulla" song. Here are the lyrics...

    Bulla, ki jaana main kaun
    Bulla, ki jaana main kaun

    Na main momman vich maseetan
    Na main vich kufar dian reetan,
    Na main pakan vich paleetan
    Na main Moosa na Faraoon.

    Na main andar bed kitaban
    Na vich bhanga na sharaban,
    Na vich rienda mast kharaban
    Na vich jagan na vich saun.

    Na vich shadi na ghamnaki
    Na main vich paleetee pakee
    Na main aaabi na main khaki
    Na main aatish na main paun
    Bulla, ki jaana main kaun.

    Na main arabi na lahori
    Na main hindi shehar nagaori,
    Na hindu na turk pashauri
    Na main rehnda vich nadaun.

    Na main bhed mazhab de paya
    Na main aadam-hav da jaya
    Na main apna naam dharaya
    Na vich baithan na vich bhaaun

    Avval-aakhar aap nu jana
    Na koi dooja hor pacchana,
    Maithon hor na koi sayana
    Bulla shauh kherha hai kaun.

    Bulla, ki jaana main kaun.
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    Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote Pure Soul Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 18 July 2005 at 6:06pm
     Thanks Bhupi for sharing the lyrics of this song, do you know where to find the translation?
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    Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote Khoji Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 02 August 2005 at 12:41am
    National Library of Canada is 'Celebrating Dayal Kaur Khalsa'

    .
    .
    Home page ‘Celebrating Dayal Kaur Khalsa ‘
    http://www.collectionscanada.ca/3/7/index-e.html

    ********
    Here are some of the picture illustrations by her
    (click on the images about twice to see larger sizes)
    .
    1. Tales of Gambling Grandma
    http://www.collectionscanada.ca/3/7/t7-222-e.html
    .
    2. I Want a Dog
    http://www.collectionscanada.ca/3/7/t7-219-e.html
    .
    3 Sleepers
    http://www.collectionscanada.ca/3/7/t7-279-e.html
    .
    4. My Family Vacation
    http://www.collectionscanada.ca/3/7/t7-280-e.html
    .
    How Pizza Came to Our Town
    http://www.collectionscanada.ca/3/7/t7-263-e.html

    Posthumous Publications:
    Jullian
    http://www.collectionscanada.ca/3/7/t7-261-e.html
    .
    Cowboy Dreams
    http://www.collectionscanada.ca/3/7/t7-220-e.html
    .
    The Snow Cat
    http://www.collectionscanada.ca/3/7/t7-207-e.html
    Life is short, energy limited, with this limited energy we have to find the unlimited; with this short life we have to find the eternal. Don?t waste it with unimportant matters

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    Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote Khoji Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 09 August 2005 at 12:39am

     

    NAME
    Tajvinder Singh
    Location California
    YOM August

    Congratulations on being selected the youth of the month for August 2005. please tell us something about yourself, your schooling, your interests and your hobbies.

    I am currently in my 3rd year and attending California State University Sacramento and majoring in Ethnic Studies. After I get my BA, I plan on becoming an international ragi. I enjoy doing Keertan, playing tabla, and watching my favorite NBA team, the Dallas Mavericks, play on TV. I also like playing badminton in my spare time.


    You mentioned that you have an interest in keertan. How long have you been doing keertan? How did the interest developed?

    I have been doing Keertan for 12 years. When I was 4, I used to ransack the kitchen cabinets looking for pots and pans that I could put upside down to use as makeshift tablas. Then, my mother went to India in 1993 and returned with a brand new vaja and tabla. While in India, she had learned a few Shabads from my uncle who owns a music shop and teaches various musical instruments to anyone who is interested. When my mom came back, she taught me my first Shabad, "Saadho Gobind Ke Gun Gaavo" when I was 8 years old. Ever since then, Keertan became a big part of my life. I would practice day and night until I had a particular Shabad perfected.


    Which instruments do you play? Which is your favourite instrument and why?

    I play the vaja, tabla, and dholki. I have to say that I equally enjoy playing the vaja and the tabla. I cannot say which is my favorite between the two.


    Did you face any problems while learning keertan? If so what were the problems that you faced?

    Yes, I faced many problems while learning Keertan. Sur and taal are two very important factors that affect the style of Keertan. When I was a kid, I did not have much trouble matching my voice with the keys on the vaja but I did have trouble getting on beat. However, I was determined to get the Shabad I was doing on taal. It took a lot of practice but with Guru's Kirpa, the hard work paid off.


    Who inspired you to learn keertan? Tell us a little bit about them.

    My mother - she taught me my first Shabad and she was the one who encouraged me. If it wasn't for her, I would definitely not have gotten this far in Keertan.


    What is the perfect age to learn keertan according to you? And are there enough opportunities available for the Sikh youth to learn keertan?

    The perfect age to learn Keertan is any time. The earlier the age, the easier it is to get on tune and on taal. I have seen 4 year olds do some some fantastic raags in competitions. Such is their dedication to the Guru's words. Amazingly enough, more than ever, there are many opportunities available for anyone to learn Keertan. Now, there are Ustaads and professors that reside in the bay area and in southern California who are ready to teach anyone who is willing to learn.


    You have been participating in Sikh youth camps in Sacramento, California. What was your role there ?

    In the Sikh youth camps in Sacramento, I was a counselor for a few age groups. My job was to teach Sikhi material and make sure the kids went home with some Sikh history of our Gurus. Also, during divaan time, I would play tabla for the Keertani(s).


    In what way are the Sikh camps beneficial for the youth?

    The Sikh camps are very beneficial for the youth because they enlighten the children about who we are and what our goal should be as a Sikh.


    Who is your role model?

    My role model is Akaal Purakh because He was the one who brought me here and I am thankful to Him because if it weren't for Him, I would not be in this janam doing the Keertan seva that I am. Also, He is my role model because without Him, I would not be able to live. Guru Ji says,"Jyo Praani Jal Bin Hai Marta, Tyo Sikh Gur Bin Mar Jaee." Without the Guru, I would not be here. Also, I look up to any ragi jatha or Katha vaachak as the knowledge that they hold is the pakaa dhan (the real knowledge) needed to sail across this ocean of maaya. My favorite ragi jathas are Bhai Rajinder Singh Ji (Singapore) and Bhai Satwinder Singh Ji(Sees Ganj Sahib, Delhi).


    What are the problems that the Sikh youth are facing in the western society?

    Some problems that the Sikh youth is facing in the western society is peer pressure. Everyone wants to be like what they see on TV or at school. As a result of this, people are losing their hair, their religion, and most importantly, God. It is difficult to live in the western world as a Sikh - no one said it was easy. But everyone has to remember that what we see is maaya and we have to live in it but not forget God and His teachings. Like Guru Amardaas Ji said in Anand Sahib, "Tini viche maaya paaya." We have to be in maaya but not so much into it to where it influences us or to where we lose Him. Our ultimate goal should be to "Sukh Dukh Pyaare Tudh Dhyaaee." In sukh or dukh, we should remember Him and only then will our lives be saved from the cycle of death and birth. But in order to meditate on His name to the fullest, one should be self disciplined enough to keep his or her religion and faith strong and not let the western civilization influence it to the extent where we lose God. To do this is the ultimate mukti in God's eyes.


    You have website bhaitajvindersingh.com, tell us about it? like do you update it often?

    BhaiTajvinderSingh.com was first launched in August of 2004 after my trip to India that summer. There, I made my first album, "Raakha Ek Hamaara Swaami." It is being distributed all over the world. The web site contains mp3s of Keertan done by me at various Gurdwaras and it also contains mp3s of me playing the tabla. A picture gallery is soon to be online as well. It is updated 3-4 times a week as more Keertan is uploaded. Thanks to Vicky Singh for doing the great Seva of making our banner.


    Tajvinder Singh, thank you very much for agreeing to participate in this. Please can you leave a final message for all the people out there reading this? (advice you would like to give to the fellow Sikh youths)

    My advice to everyone out there is to not forget our creator. Nowadays, everyone is so busy in their lives and we don'teven get any chance to remember Him. It's like we are forgetting our real father who brought us into this world and yet, when we come into this world, we enjoy and when we go, we all cry. We live in this false dunya where the 5 bads (Kaam, Krodh, Lobh, Moh, and Hankaar) engulf us and tempt us every minute. The message I would like to give to my veerjis and panjis out there is not forget Him and to keep doing Simran at all times. Whether you're at work, at school, at home, sitting or standing, anytime. Because "Oothat Baithat Sovat Jaagat Eh man Tujhe Chitaare." If we think about God when doing our daily tasks and realize Him as our creator, only then will he do Kirpa on us. Our lives and our future will be sukhi as well since we will be with God at all times. "Eh lok sukhye parlok suhele, Nanak har prabh aape mele"

    Tajvinder's Keertan Tracks can be found @ BhaiTajvindersingh.com

    Life is short, energy limited, with this limited energy we have to find the unlimited; with this short life we have to find the eternal. Don?t waste it with unimportant matters

    Khoji

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    Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote preetsingh Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 26 August 2005 at 6:05am

     

     Waheguru jee khalsa wahegurujee ki fateh !

    These are some prominent Gursikh who have shown examplary courage and save our nation.

    we salute  them !

    Hope they motivate all our sikh youngsters to live for their country

    Havildar Fateh Singh (47 Kashmir operations)

    There were heavy casualities on Indian side during an attack on Chabutura hill in Northern Kashmir, in the first half of 1948. Havildar Fateh Singh was ordered by his commanding officer to help those of the wounded who were lying in the open, to safety. When the havildar moved out of cover, a bullet hit him in the hand.He threw himself down and lay there for a while.When he began to move forward again another bullet hit him in the arm. Again he lay immobile.After an hour he got up and dashed towardsthe wounded soldiers, bullet whizzing past him from all sides. Seeing a number of Pakistani soldiers coming up the hill in search of weapons, he hurled hand grenades at them and drove them back. Then though one of his arms was numbed with pain and he was bleeding profusely from his wounds, he helped four wounded Indian soldiers to safety and retreived a number of weapons from the dead. He was awarded the Mahavir Chakra for conspicious gallantry.

    Blood in the Snow Sepoy Amar Singh (62 operations)

    On the morning of 18 June 1948 Sepoy Amar Singh was manning a light machine gun at Zoji La Pass when the enemy opened fire with machine guns and began advancing down the ridge towards the picket. The surprise attack koocked out a third of the soldiers manning the post. Amar Singh aws wounded in the head but with a sheer efffort of will be hung on to consciousness and continued firing. Time and again that morning, the enemy made determined attempts to overrun the post but the sepoy's deadly fire drove them away and held them at bay. Hours later when reinforcements arrived, the snow covered ground on which the sepoy was lying was drenched with his blood but he insisted on remaining at his post. He was was finally evacuated at ten in the night. Sepoy Amar Singh was awarded the Mahavir Chakra for exceptional gallantry.

    Major Brar's bravery Major Malkait Singh Brar (47 operations)

    A forward post manned by Indian soldiers came under heavy fire in Feb 1948 during the Jammu and Kashmir operations. Eventally only two men were left to hold the postion.As they braced themselves for the enemy's final charge, Major Malkait Singh Brar of the 1 (Para) Kumaon Regiment, came running to their aid.He did not stop when he reached the post but carried on, firing at the enemy from his bren gun.The enemy caught by surprise was forced to shelter behind rocks. Then the major, though , wounded himself, supervised the evacuation of the wounded soldiers from the forward post.He had just finished doing this when a mortar bomb exploded close to him dealing him a mortal blow. Major Brar was awarded the Mahavir Chakra for exceptional gallantry, posthumously.

    Major Gurudial Singh

    During the Indo- Chinese conflict of 1962 a battallion of the Rajput Regiment was entrusted with the task of defending the Namkhachu river area in NEFA. The Chinese attacked on the 20th October with heavy artillery and mortar. Quickly overrunning the outer defences they began to close in on the battallion headquarters from all sides. Seeing them come, the second-in-command, Major Gurudial Singh realised that only a swift and bold manoeuvre could avert a total rout. Rallying the survivors he led charge on the advancing enemy, taking him by surprise.. Many Chinese were killed and the rest fell back, giving some of the Indian soldiers who have been trapped in vulnerable postions, time to withdraw to safer ground. Major Gurudal Singh was awarded the Mahavir Chakra for conspicious gallantry. Major Shaitan Singh was posthumously awarded the Param Vir Chakra for his courage and leadership.

    Lieutenant Colonel Madan Mohan Singh Bakshi

    In 1965,Lt.Colonel Bakshi,Commanding the 4 Horse Squadron,Noticed of Squadron enemy .Patton tanks on the Libbe-Phillora road in the Sialkot sector. Immediately he fired and knocked out two tanks.Then he charged through the enemy tanks theoughhis tank was hit twice.he knocked out a third tank and continued to charge ahesd and crossed the Libbe-Phillora road. His tank caught fire when it was hit for the forth time. As his crew bailes out,they came under heavey enemy machine gun fire. Bakshi and his men took shelter in a sugarcane field. They were rescued after three hours.bakshi resumed command of his regiment and inflicted heavy losses on the enemy,which fied in panic. Lt.col,Bakshi was awarded the Mahavir Chakra for his leadership,initiative and courage.

    Lt. Col Ranjit Singh Dyal

    Daring the impossible Lt. Col. Singh

    In 1965 to stop Pakistani infiltrators entering to Kashmir, the Haji Pir pass had to be captured. The 19 Punjab Regiment had to first capture Bedouri located en rout to the pass. There were two enemy companies and four machine guns guarding Bedori. Despite this L.t. Col Singh and his men attacked. Ten soldiers were killed and Pakistani soldiers were forced to withdraw. A link with hAJI pIR PASS WAS established and L.T. Singh was awarded the Vir Chakra. It then became imperative to secure the Kahuta bridge. The Indians already held a forward position on the bridge , but the road to it was infested with Pak Lt. COL'S mission was to secure the bridge and ensured link-up between the base and the Indian forward camp. As light faded on the evening on 9th Sept, L.t. Col Singh and his men charged the Pakistanis and drove them away. Singh bravery won him the Mahavir Chakra in 1965.

    Unflinching Defence Subhedar Ajit Singh

    During 1965 Indo-Pak war, the 4 Sikh Regiment was assigned the task of capturing the village of Barkhi in Lahore, Pakistan, Subedar Ajit Singh and others of his battalion commenced their advance on September 6. On the way, they demolished several enemy outposts. They launched their assault when they had reached within 380 metres of Bakri. However a well postioned Pakistani machine gun held up their advance. Subedar Singh was given the resposibilty of destroying the gun . He charged at the enemy position . A burst of machine gun fire wounded him in the chest but he carried on defiantly and went near enough to throw a grenade that effectively silenced the machine gun. His gallantry inspired his comrades and they routed the enemy but the Subedar succunbed to his injuries. For his skill and expert marshalling of resources, Major Roy was awarded the Mahavir Chakra in 1965. He was posthumously honoured with the MAHAVIR CHAKRA.

    Raghubir Singh

    During the 1965 war L.t. Col Raghubir Singh who was commanding the 18 Raj Riffles in Khem Karan Punjab was ordered to occupy the left forward position in the 62 Brigade sector. At Asal Uttar, throughout the night of Sept 7, the battalion assisted engineers by digging and laying minefields. Pakistani troops shelled area and carried out probe missions and finally attacked on Sept 9. A squadron of Pakistani Patton came up to within 450 metres of the battalion's left flank. The tanks overran the forward company positions. This was accompanied by heavy artillery fire. As communication with the Indian forward position was disrupted, Raghubir Singh anticipating a tank assault, mowed through three enemy tanks as he attempted to reach the forward comapnies.Unmindful of heavy artillery fire, he successfully re-established communication. The Indian situation then improved. Inspired by the example , his defiant men destroyed 20 tanks. His courageous feat won him the Mahavir Chakra. He was posthumously honoured with the MAHAVIR CHAKRA.

    Major General Mohinder Singh

    The 115 infantary division was deployed in the Lahore area during the 1965 war.Major General Mohinder Singh assumed command of the division on the 15th of Septmber. Commissioned in the army in 1940,The Major General was already a decorated soldier. He had been awarded the Miltary Cross for bravery durin the Second World War.As head of the Infantry division, one of the first responsibilities he was entrusted with the capture of lchhogil Canal. Major General Singh planned the operation well. As the assault commenced, disregarding the risk to his own life, he moved from one formation to the other, exhorting and inspiring his men to their best.His zeal, determination and leadership infused his men with a new spirit.The bridge successfully captured lchhogil Canal and dograj. For his able leadership and sound operational planning,he was decorated with the Mahavir Chakra.

    Brigadier Khem Karan Singh

    Commander of 1 Armoured Brigade at Sialkot,Brigadier Khem Karan Singh was assigned the task of destroying the enemy armoured division.The enemy tank force was larger and technically superior. Award of this,Brigadier Singh moved his forces at night, covering a vast area and surprised the enemy by launching a well-planned attack from the rear,the next morning.The sudden attack caught the enemy off guard and unnerved him. In the first three days of the battle itself,75 enemy tanks were destroyed and the enemy command thoroughly demoralized. The Indian losses were minimal.At the end of Battle , the Indians had gained control of phillora, a vital communications point in Sialkot. For his unflagging sense of duty and leadership, Brigadier singh was duly awarded the Mahavir Chakra.

    Major Baljit Singh Randhwa

    In May 1965 Major Baljit Singh Randhwa and the 4 rajput regiment were assigned the task of recapturing positions lost to Pakistani infiltrators at kKargil and securing other posts in the area to prevent future encroachments. Kargil was strategic for it overlooked Indian postions. The Pakistsni posts were stronly defended with machine guns and mortars.The terrain aws extremely steep with precipitious slopes. The two pronged attack began at 2 a.m. with temperatures below freezing point while a cold, gusty wind raged. As Major Singh led his company up the slope, they were subjected to mortar and machine gun fire. Realizing that his troops were easy target for the enemy, Major Singh asked them to atke cover and the moving cautiously up with a few men, wrested one post from the enemy. An enemy machine gun dettered further advance. Relentlessly Singh led an attack on the gun post, but he aws hit by a burst of fire and fell down wounded. He exhorted his men to continue the advance, steadfastly resisting all the attempts to assist him Major Singh did not live long but the mission he led was a complete success. He was posthumously awarded the Mahavir Chakra.

    Lt.Col Gurubans Singh Sangha

    The 3 Mahar battalion commanded by Lt.Col. Gurbans Singh Sangha was deployed in Jammu and kashmir during the 1965 Indo-pak war in August, infrmation that Pakistani infiltrators were sneaking into the state reached the unit . The battalion commenced search operations in the Dewa and Chhamb-Jaurian sectors.setting up road blocks .The Pakistani attacked in force in mid August but Sangha and his men fought back spiritedly and not only drove back the enemy but also managed to recapture some Indian posts lost earlier Stung by the defeat, the Pakistani launched a massive attack backed by artillery on 1st Septmber.The Indians had neither artillery nor air support but Lt.Col. Sangha marshalled his resources and fought back so well that the enemy could make no headway and evantually had to give up the attack. Lt.Col.Sangha was decorated with Mahavir Chakra for his astute leadership.

    Major Kuldip Singh Chandpuri

    The Hindi film Border, which was the box office hit of 1997, recounted the real life exploits of Major Kudip Singh Chandpuri (from the village Chandpur in Punjab), who with his small band of men of the Punjab Regiment held fast to the Indian base at Longewal, Rajasthan, despite several Pakistani attacks to disiodge them. On 5th December, two companies of the Pakistani army well supported by tanks, attacked Longewal. As they neared, the Punjab regiment retaliated with mortar fire. They were assisted by the Indian Hunter aircraft which launched a simultaneous air attack, severely damaging four enemy tanks. But a second attack soon commenced.The Punjab Regiment put up a fierce fight , resisting the enemy onslught through the night. At dawn , the IAF renewed their air attacks, effectectively neutralizing the enemy tanks. All through the operations, the Major kept up his men's moral,moving from bunker to bunker, urging them to hold on and fight back. His dynamic leadership and gallantry won Major Kuldip Singh the Mahavir Chakra.

    Subendar Malkiat Singh

    The 14 Punjab regiment, including Subendar Malkiat Singh was deployed near Garibpur on the eastern front during the 1971 Indo-Pak war. On 21st November, as Pakistani activities increased across the border, the regiment was asked to capture Garibpur in the early hours of the morning to take the enemy by surprise. The pitched battle for Garibpur that began, lasted till the 22nd of November. Subendar Malkiat Singh defended a position that was under constant and fierce enemy infantry and armoured attacks. The pakistani soldiers opened machine gun fire advancing forward till they were within 50 meters of the Indian positions. Undaunted, Subendar Singh crawled forward and took on the advancing enemy soldiers. He killed two Pakistani machine gunners. Twice he was hit, but he carried on until an enemy tank shell struck him, wounding him fatally. For his courges act of gallantry, Subendar Singh was posthumously awarded the Mahavir Chakra.

    Major Jasbir Singh (1971)

    Major Jasbir Singh of the Sikh regiment was deployed in chhamb on the western front during the Indo-Pak war. His company defended the crucial Phagia Ridge position. From the 3rd of December, the enemy began first of its offensives, to dislodge the Indian forces there.The first attack was successfully relpulsed, but the Pakistani troops returned with a stronger force the next day. They broke through Indian defence and soon a bitter hand to hand fight ensued. The brave Major exhorted his men to remain steadfast. The Pakistanies were held back for the second time with a loss of twelve lives. The fighting was at its fiercast on December 5th . The Sikh regiment suffered heavy casualties, but led by a determined Major Singh, they not only repulsed the advance but recaptured the post on the Ridge lost earlier, Major Singh's inspiring leadership and shrewd planning had outwitted the enemy. Major Jasbir singh was awarded the Mahavir Chakra for his exemplary leadership.

    Second Lieutenant Shamsher Singh Samra

    Second Lt. Samsher Singh Samra and the 8 Guards were deployed to capture Hilly Complex in the east, during the 1971 Indo-Pak war. The mountainous complex was well defendedby the Pakistanis, who had constructed concrete shelters by borrowing through the hills. Rifleman Gurung and a company of the Gurkha Rifles were ordered to advance and capture Uthali, a strongly defended Pakistani position. Halfway towards its objective, the company came under heavy Pakistani fire from a machine gun and could not proceed. Several pitched battles were fought by the Indians in this region. It wa by his heroism in one such battle that second Lt. Samra covered himself with glory. The advance of the Guards had been stalled by accurate enemy firing. 2nd Lt. Samra intervened in this juncture and escorted his men to advance along the left flank. Even as the enemy kept up its firing, 2nd Lt. Samra moved to within 25 meters of the enemy position. Just then a bullet from a machine gun stuck him and he was wounded. Ignoring the pain he charged at the machine gun bunker and destroyed it by hurling an accurately aimed grenade at it. He then charged towards another bunker, but it was hit a second time , this time fatally. He fell to the ground, the grenade still in his hand. For his aweinspiring bravery, 2nd Lt. Samra was decorated with the Mahavir Chakra.

    Brigadier Hardev Singh Kler

    Brigadier Hardev Singh Kler commanded mountain brigade of the Corps of Signals in the east during the war of 1971. the brigade had to move along the Kamalpur - turang river and clear enemy positions at several places on the way, including Kamalpur, Bakshigunj, Jamalpur, Tangail and Turang. The Brigadier led the advance from the front, directing the operations with great skill, dsiregarding the dangers to his life. It was at the battle of Jamalpur, that he proved his mettle. the inspiring presence of the Brigadier helped his troops lay siege behind the enemy positions, south of Jmalpur. the enemy was sucessfully held back abd even thier subsequent efforts to recapture the position were foiled by the Brigadier's astute strategy. The Pakistanis suffered heavy losses and a heavy cache arms and ammunition fell into Indian hands. Brigadier Kler was decorated with the Mahavir Chakra for his inspiring leadership and gallantry.

    Major Amarjit Singh Bal

    An officer in the Poona horse, Major Amarjit Singh Bal was stationed at Shakargarh in the northwest, during the 1971 war with Pakistan. The regiment was to establish and defend a secure bridgehead on the Basantar river. As the operations began, Major Bal was in command of a squadron at Jarpal, overlooking the river. It was a position most vulnerable to enemy attack. Sure enough, the Pakistani forces began shelling the area heavily. The Indian troops foiled these attempts repeatedly, killing several enemy troops. the Pakistanis persisted and launched several counter-attacks over the next two days. The Indians were heavily outnumbered, but Major Bal was able to inspire his men to repel several enemy attacks. As many as 27 Pakistani M-48 tanks were destroyed. For his inspirational leadership and able manoeuvring of his troops in battle, Major Bal was awarded the Mahavir Chakra.

    Major Daljit Singh Narang

    Even before war had offically begun in December,1971,there were innumerable skirmishe in the easternsector between Indian & Pakistani forces.At this time,Major Daljit Singh Narang commanded the C Squadron of the Deccan Horse in Jessore.To prevent enemy encroachments,the squadron set up effective roadblocks around Garibpur on the 20th of November. The very next day,14 enemy tanks,well-supported by two infantry battalions attacked the Squadron's position.For 30 minutes,the battle raged,long and furios for both sides were evenly matched.Major Narang stood in the turret of his tank,directly the operations.Bolstered by his presence,his men fought back gallantly,inflicting severe casualitieson the enemy.The Indian forces destroyed 10 Pakistani tanks,losing 3 of their own.However,Major Narang was targated by the enemy and struck down fatally,by a barrage of machine-gun fire. His indomitable courage had,however,ensured a hard-tough victory for the Indian Squadron.The nation duly honoured this gallant soldier,who was posthumously awarded the Mahavir Chakra

    Subhedar Mohinder Singh

    The Kargil sector in the north overlooks the critically vital Srinagar -Leh highway. In December '71 the 21 Punjab regiment, including Subhedar Mohinder Singh was deployed here to prevent Pakistani encroachments. Closeby lay the heavily fortified enemy position at Hathi Matha, from every wehere, it was believed, further Pakistani offensives would commence. to prevent this, the 21 Punjab was asked to capture Brachil pass, as it was an important vantage point. The attack commenced early on 7th December, and in a short while, the Indians had reached the left shoulder of the pass. But there they were held up by heavy enemy fire. Subhedar Mohinder Singh, commanding a platoon charged forward, and engaged the enemy in close combat. His men, inspired by his daring, fought ferociously and forced the Pakistanis to retrear. This victory was a morale-booster and led to many other successes in this area in this area. Subhedar Singh was a worthy winner of the Mahavir Chakra bestowed upon him for his daring valour.

    Wing Commander Mangat

    In December '71 Pakistani planes began to conduct raids into Indian territory. Wing Commander Harcharan Singh Mangat, who commanded a fighter bomber squadron on an airfield at the western front swiftly retaliated. He led his own men into battle and also alerted the anti-aircraft gunners, who struck back forcefully. On the 4th December, his squadron took off to attack enemy targets. The wing Commander who led a formation of four aircraft was struck thrice, he continued on his way, unpertrubed, 200 kilometers deep into enemy territory, another aircraft was struck directly and badly damaged. Wing commander Mangat immediately ordered a pull out and with some adroit manoeuvring made it back to base , despite the damage sustained by the aircraft. Wing Commander Mangat continued with his missions into Pakistan after this. The information he gathered was of immense help to the Indian defence strategy. He was awarded the Mahavir Chakra for his flying skills and presence of mind.

    Major DharamVeer Singh

    Major DharamVeer Singh led the 8 grenadiers in the capture of Chakra in the Shakargarh sector, during the 1971war. Wire -meshed fences and minefields and a Pakistani Patton squadron stood ready to ward off any Indian Attempt on Chakra. But its capture was vital to enable the Indians to advance further north. The attack commenced on the night of 10th December. The Indians suffered heavy casualties but under the Major's astute guidance, pressed home thier attack forcing the patton tanks to withdraw. The major himself led his unit through the minefields, and succeded in capturing the objective after a bitter hand to hand struggle. The enemy counter- attacked the very next day. But the grenadiers inspired by the constant presence of Major Singh, foughtt back furiously. Not only was the enemy repulsed, but Indians destroyed two tanks, and captured four others and a huge cache of arms as well. For his courageous march and leadership, Major Singh was decorated with the Mahavir Chakra.

    Lt. Col. Narinder Singh Sandhu

    During the 1971 war, the Pakistani army held the vitally strategic bridge over the river Ravi at DoraBaba Nanak, threatening Indian positions at Pathankot, Beas and Amritsar. Lt. Col. Narinder Singh Sandhu was asked to lead the 10 Dogra Regiment to secure the eastern end of the bridge. In readiness, however, Pakistan had already set in place several fortified shelters and machine gun positions. Lt. Col.Sandhu began his attack on the evening of 5th December. But his tanks were immediately stuck in the marshes, bordering the river. His men then dismounted and began the five-kilometer march to the bridge. When they were 15 meters away from the bridge, they sprang out at the enemy with the cry "Durga Mata ki Jay". Lt. Col.Sandhu remained in the forefront all through this fierce engagement, despite being wounded in the leg. His mere presence inspired his men and they emerged victorious. Lt. Col.Sandhu was decorated with the Mahavir Chakra for his skilful leadership.

    Lt. Col. Sukhjit Singh

    The Scinde Horse Armoured regiment, commanded by Lt. Col. Sukhjit Singh was deployed in Shakargarh during the 1971 war. On the night of 8th December, the regiment crossed into enemy territory and established itself near Nainakot. On 10th December, Pakistani forces made a powerful armour attack,to dislodge the Indians from this position. But Lt. Col. put up a determined resistance, Leading from the front, he directed his tanks with great skill and courage. The enemy, having lost one of its tanks retreated. The next day Lt. Col. led an operation to capture enemy tanks at Malakpur. Durin this move, his forces came under heavy artilery and mortar fire, but an unruffled Lt. Col. surged ahead. In the ensuing operation, 8 tanks and some Pakistani officers were captured. Not only did the Lt. Col. win a Mahavir Chakra for his inspiratioanl leadership, his regiment earned several battle honours for its exceptional courage.

    Second Lt. Ranjeev Singh Sandhu

    To enforce the Indo-Srilanka peace accord the 7 assam rifles including second Lieutanant Ranjeev Singh Sandhu arrived in Sri Lanka in 1988. One day as he was leading a convoy of two vehicles back from Mangani, militants armed with AK-47's launched a sudden attack. A rocket struck his vehicle and Sandhu was grievously wounded. Though bleeding heavily he crawled out carbine in hand. He waited for the firing to stop, knowing that when it stopped, the militants would emerge to claim the jeeps' weapons and ammunition. Sandhu was determined to prevent this. As the firing died away, a militant appraoched the jeep, and Sandhu lifted his carbine and sprayed him with bullets, killing him insistantly. This was Kumaran, a prominent militant leader Sandhu continued firing, till his very last breath thwarting all militant attempts to apprach the jeep. For his supreme sacrifice, 2nd lt. Sandhu was with the Mahavir Chakra.

    Brigadier Sant Singh

    Brigadier Sant Singh was a much-distinguished soldier decorated with the Mahavir Chakra during the 1965 Indo-Pak war. Commanding the Punjab regiment in the eastern sector during the 1971 war with Pakistan, Brigadier Singh was entrusted with the task of capturing Mymensingh, a well defended enemy stronghold. But Pakistan aware of an impeding Indian attack had deployed a strong force to hold back any Indian advance.The experienced Brigadier, however failed their plans by his tactics and resourcefulness and Mymensingh was easily captured. The Brigadier marched ahead another 60km. to capture Madhopur, a vital town on the road of Dhaka.All through these operations, the Brigadier led from the front, ably directing his troops. His gallantry encouraged the Indians to advance rapidly despite strong Pakistani resistance. For his inspiring leadership, the Brigadier was awarded the bar to the Mahavir Chakra.

    Brigadier Manjit Singh

    In October 1987,Brigadier Manjit Singh assumed commond of the 41 Infantry Brigade,deployed in Shri Lanka as part of India's peacekeping forces.One of brigades first task was to clear Jaffna,a terrorist stronghold , and and to establish a link with the Maratha Light Infantary in Jaffna port. All the approach roads were heavily mined,and the Brigadier on arriving at palali airfield,found several Indian troops facing stiff resistance at Anna Collai and Manipal.The brigadier took charge.Deploying just two companies of the Rajstana Rifles,he was able to break militant cordon and secure a link with forces at jaffna fort. His able leadership inspired men to overcome onslaugt of militants.Brigadier Singh was honoured with Mahavir Chakra.

    Lt.Col.Inderbal Singh Bawa

    Lt.Col.Inderbal Singh Bawa,Comonded 4/5 Gurkha Rifles during operation of shri Lanka.The buttlian was entrusted the withthe task of clearing the axis of vasavilan,urgmpurai and jaffna fort.These were well-defended militant stronghold,but the Colonel,an able leader and shrewd strategist forged ahead inflicting heavy casualtieson enemys along the way. In early October ,the Gurkha Rifles was deployed to extricate12 Sikh Light Infantary and Para Commandos at Kondavil.By marching through heavily fortified enemy teritth Indian soldiers and succesfully evacuated them.Towards the end of the operation ,suicide squad sprayed him with bullets,killing him instantly. Lt.Col.Bawa was posthumously honoured with Mahavir Chakra for his suprime scrifice to nation's cause.

    Captain Pratap Singh

    Captain Pratap Singh of the Artillery Regiment was part of the Indaian forces that defended Bana outpost against Pakistani forces in the summer of 1988. The Enemy had already made several attempts to capture Bana and on 9th May an enemy commando group, made a determined attack equipped with ropes and ladders. Though the attack was driven back, enemy ropes and ladders remained in place. They had to be removed to ensure the safety of the outpost. On 18th may Captain Singh accompainied by a jawan descended the wall, to remove the ropes and ladders. At the bottom he found a huge cache of ammunition and grenades. As he was examining his find a grenade suddenly exploded, wounding him in the arms and chest. But the captain completed his mission entrusted to him. He cut the ropes and dislodged the ladder system. Only then did he return to his post where he soon succumbed to his wounds. The Captain was postthumously honoured with the MAhavir Chakra for his devotion to duty and courage.

    Brigadier Harbhajan Singh

    Despite unilateral cease fire declared by the Chinese after the 1962 war, tensions still remained high all along the Sikkim-Tibet border. In september 1967 the 70 feild coy Engineers was deployed to lay a wire fence along the distrubuted border area of Nathu La to end the frequent skirmishes between Indian and Chinese forces. The 18 RAjput Regiment led by Brigadier Harbhajan Singh to provide protection to the Engineers also took up thier positions. No Sooner had the work commenced then the Chinese opened fire on the Indians from the front and from the flanks. The Major led the charge at the attackers. He bayoneted three Chinese soldiers and then he turned attention to a light machine gun, the enemy was using. Even as he hurled a grenade at the gunner, bullets ripped through his body killing him instantly. Major Harbhajan Singh was honoured with the Mahavir Chakra posthumously.

    Major Bhupinder Singh

    In sept. 1965, Major Bhupinder Singh commanded the "B" squadron of the 4 Horse against Pakistani forces. On the 11th Sept. he successfully led his forces in cutting of the enemy retreat along the Gadgor-Phillora road. In the battle of Sadoke that folowed, Major took over the command of the regiment after the commander was forced to abandon his tank. Inspired by this gallantary, the regiment fought valiantly and destroyed several enemy tanks. Nine days later the MAjor led his men in the battle of Sodreke. His tank targetted by the enemy caught fire after it was struck several times. The Major continued fighting even when all but two of his tanks were disabled. However he sustained severe burns when he was finally compelled to abandon his burning vehicle and died soon after. He was posthumously honoured with the MAhavir Chakra for his awe inspiring courage and gallantry.

    Air Commodore Mehar Singh

    Commisioned in the Royal Indian Air Force in 1936, Air Commodore Mehar Singh was the Air Officer Commanding No.1 Group of the RIAF during 1947-48 Jammu & Kashmir Operations. Mehar Singh had the novel idea of arming the Dakota aircraft, deployed in supply missions. He carried out a bombing -cum supply mission in a Dakota with great effectiveness. The innovation enabled the RIAF to send supplies to the Poonch, in its armed Dakotas. In may 1948, a besieged Leh was desparately in need of rienforcements. But by Flying a Dakota to the Leh airstrip, the Air Commodore accomplished a mission till then considered impossible. Inspired by Mehar Singh's extraordinary flight, the RIAF now began regular supplies to Leh, saving it from capitulation. Air Commodore Mehar Singh was awarded the MAhavir Chakra. HE died soon after a tragic flying accident.

    Lt. Col. Inderjit Singh Butalia

    The Indian forces recaptured Naushahara on February 1948. But the operations in Jammu & Kashmir continued, with Jhangar as the next objective. However, the ring of enemy positions around Naushahra made an break through impossible. The garrison at Naushahra found itslef confined to initial recoonnaissance missions. Early on 22nd February, the Dogra battalion commanded by Lt. Col. Inderjit Singh Butalia embarked on a reconnaisance mission in the Kaman Ghosh Kala area. On thier return, however, they were pursued by the enemy and a sharp engagement soon ensued. The enemy fire was directed towards the commanding officer, Lt. Col. Butalia. He was seriously wounded and his left hand blown away. Despite his grave injuries he refused evacuation, insisting that a sacrifice of a few was necessary for the accomplishment of a great task. He was posthumously awarded the Mahavir Chakra for his selfless devotion to duty and leadership.

    Lt.Col Harbans singh Virk

    In January 1948, Lt. Col. Harbans Singh Virk led the 3 Para Maratha Light Infantary with great success against the Pakistani forces at Naushahra. His tactical skills not only led to several successful attacks on the enemy but saved the Indian garrison at Naushahra during the famous battle of "Kala Gosh Galla" His most notable achievement however was the recapture of Jhangar. During the advance on Jhangar the Maratha Battalion was held up at Phir thil Naka and suffered heavy casualties. But the Lt. Col. surprised the enemy by launching a counter-attack at dawn. The Indians advanced steadily despite the heavy mortar and small arms fire. The onslaught continued into the next day and by afternoon Jhangar been secured. From Jhangar, the Marathas advanced yet again and captured the hill feature overlooking the valley. Lt. Col was honoured with the Mahavir Chakra in recognition of his outstanding leadership.

    Jemadar Nand Singh

    In december 1947, around 6000 Pakistani raiders infiltrated into the high hills in the Uri sector, posing a grave threat to the Indian garrisons and threatening the road leading to Srinagar and Poonch. The 1 Sikh Regiment was deployed to dislodge them. After two companies of the regiment were compelled to withdraw having sustained severe casualties in hand-to-hand combat with the enemy, a platoon of the D-company led by Jemadar Nand Singh attacked the enemy's left flank. The enemy fire was intense but Nand Singh pressed on, despite an injured leg. As fierce fighting ensued, Nand Singh Killed five enemy soldiers with his bayonet. His men were inspired by his example and the raiders fled,compelled in disorder. A burst of fire from a retreating soldier, however, struck Nand Singh on the chest. He was killed at the very moment the Indian victory was assured. Jemadar Nand Singh was posthumously honoured with the Mahvir Chakra.

    Lt. Col. Anant Singh Pathania

    In november 1948, the Indian army's advance towards Drass and Kargil sector was hindered by the enemy presence at Pindras gorge. To overcome this a two-pronged attack was planned to effect a breakthrough. The 1/5 Gorkha commanded by Lt. Col. Anant Singh Pathania was deployed to capture the enemy positions of Kumar and a ridge near Pindras. It is said that the battle waged by the Lt. Col. and his men was one of the hardest ever fought during the Jammu and Kashmir operations. The Lt. Col. not only led several reconnaissance missions but also pressed home the attack on the enemy on 14 the November. Despite the heavy enemy machine gun fire, the 1/5 Gorkhas forged ahead, ultimately capturing both features, The victory was attributed to the Lt. Col.'s daring reconnaissance of enemy positions on the eve of battle. Lt. Col, Pathania was honoured with the Mahavir Chakra for his leadership skills.

    JCO Lal Singh

    Indian Attempt to recapture Dras and Kargil from Pakistan became inpossible in November 1948 after Tanks cleared the way at Zoji La. The Indian advance began on 14 th November with two companies moving along either side of the stream that ran down the valley towards Dras. JCO Lal Singh led the Attack on the Brown Hill feature a strongly defended enemypost on the way to Dras. Despite the incescant fire he crawled towards the other sections He was hit several times. The firing also damaged his wireless set cutting off communication with the company headquarters. Though bleeding profusely he held on grimly to his position till two other platoons of the company arrived. Then putting himself at the head of his troops he charged the enemy killed several of them recaptured the feature. JCO lal Singh was decorated with the Mahavir Chakra for his conspicous gallantry.

    Havildar Sarup Singh

    In 1962, during the Indo China war, th 14 Jammu Kashmir Militia was deployed in the Ladakh sector. Havildar Sarup Singhwas the second in command at the post at Bhujang. The Chinese armed with automatic weapons and mortar mounted a massive attack on th night of 19th October. The few Indian Defenders of this post found themselves ill-equipped to resist this furious Chinese onslaught. The Chinese came inwaves and seemed unstoppable but inspired by the Havildar, the Indians fought gallantaly inflicting heavy casualties on the enemy. The Havildar was finally overpowered and killed. For his act of courage and and supreme gallantary Havildar Swaroop Singh was posthumously honoured with the Mahavir Chakra.

     

     

     

     

     

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    But higher still is truthful living"

      

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    Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote Khoji Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 05 September 2005 at 3:16am
    Sikh Medical and Dental Association Good Samaritans
    By Sikh Sangat News
    Sep 2, 2005, 02:08

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    Mr. Budh Singh Dhahan - Founder / President of Guru Nanak Mission Medical & Educational Trust, with Mrs. Kashmir Kaur Dhahan
    “I want to uplift the poor and less educated, especially young girls and women.” These words capture the life mission of Mr. Budh Singh Dhahan. He is the inspirational founder and president of Guru Nanak Mission Medical & Educational Trust, Punjab, India
    In 1984 Mr. Dhahan’s dream came true. With the help of family and friends in Vancouver and the people and councils of Dhahan and Kaleran villages, he opened a 40 bed hospital in the Nawanshahar District region of Punjab.

    In 1987 an elementary and secondary school was started. The Guru Nanak College of Nursing was opened in 1993 with a diploma program in nursing and in 1998 a baccalaureate degree program in nursing began with an intake of 50 students. A collaboration with the University of British Columbia (UBC) School of Nuring is now underway involving faculty and student exchange and development of nursing curriculum

    The Trust has done commendable work and is now receiving help from many Sikh NRIs settled in countries far and wide like Australia, Canada, USA and Europe. As a part of this ongoing endeavour to support this charitable trust Dr Daljit Singh Caberwal, senior member of US-based North American Sikh Medical and Dental Association, on Monday donated medical equipment worth $ 56,000 to the Guru Nanak Mission Medical and Education Trust, Dhahan Kaleran. Dr Caberwal visited Dhahan Kaleran and handed over the equipment to the trust authorities.

    Last year Amarjot Singh Narula MD visited the hospital to access the situation. “ I could visit only for few hrs however I was able to get a grand tour of the entire campus.” “ I was moved and very inspired by the dedication ,motivation and the missionary zeal with which Baba Budh Singh Ji and his team are functioning”. “I was very overwhelmed with the hospitality accorded to me" said Dr. Narula.


    New Block on the Hospital Premises
    Facilities and Programs at Dhahan-Kaleran:

    Hospital with 200 + bed capacity
    School of Nursing - Three Year Diploma Program - 50 students per year
    Guru Nanak College of Nursing - Four Year BSN Program - 50 students per year
    Alcohol and Drug Rehabilitation Center (in partnership with Punjab Red Cross)
    Elementary and Secondary School for approximately 1100 students
    UBC Canada House - Residential Hosting Facility for Visiting Volunteers
    Mobile Medical and Health Clinics
    Health promotion work in sixty villages


    For more information:
    Guru Nanak Mission Hospital, Dhahan Kaleran, Punjab.
    Email: gnmh_dk @ rediffmail.com
    Phone: 0091-1823-262621 or 0091-1823-260818


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    Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote Khoji Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 29 September 2005 at 10:30pm
    Sikh in the Swedish Army
    Sunday 25th September, 2005
    Panthic Weekly News Bureau

    Stockholm , Sweden (KP) - In April 2003, Swedish born Jaspal Singh applied to join the Swedish military defence service at the age of 19 years old, after completing his education. Jaspal Singh is a proud a Sikh with a supportive Gursikh family. He applied to the join military service wearing his dastar (turban) and with his untied flowing beard. Jaspal Singh surprised the military officers when he turned up at the military defence service in Karlskrona with kesh (unshorn hair) and dastar tied on his head.
    In a climate when governments and authorities are discriminating against the religious attire and symbols, and imposing restrictions, the Swedish army made a positive move by allowing and respecting the Sikh dastar and distinct appearance. This move was warmly welcomed the Sikh Community of Sweden and Stockholm Gurdwara Sahib.
    Jaspal Singh completed his 17 weeks basic military service training on 8 th April 2005. Finishing the military basic training, Jaspal Singh chose to study Medicine. He is set to graduate and receive a Diploma from the Army on 13 th January 2006. Completing the full training and graduating from the Swedish Army will mean that Jaspal Singh will be on call to assist the Swedish Army during an attack or when his nation requires assistance.

    During spring 2003, a young Muslim lady was rejected from enlisting in a truck brigade within the voluntary defence unit, because of her headscarf or hijab. However, when this issue of discrimination was highlighted, new guidelines were implemented. Now it is permitted for military staff to wear a dastar (turban), skull-cap, and a headscarf though the latter two need to be worn underneath the uniform hat when outdoors.

    The attitude is clear from the defence's point of view, at least in theory. However, in practice the insecurity still runs high.
    When Jaspal Singh appeared at the regiment, Mats Norrman got a phone call from Karlskrona. The army had knowledge of the Sikh dastar as result of a liaison between Stockholm Gurdwara and the army. Bhai Darshan Singh has been active member of the Sikh community explaining Sikhi and building understanding within the Swedish community. However, the officers in command wondered about the Kirpan, which is one of the five articles of faith that a practicing Sikh always wears.
    “I told [Jaspal Singh] that the Kirpan is allowed to be worn as long as it is underneath the uniform”, Mats Norrman said. Jaspal Singh did not notice anything about the great stir. It wasn't until Jaspal Singh left that he found out about the telephone call to the headquarters.
    In the workplace, several laws grant protection from discrimination. The equality law is complemented by three laws implemented in 1999, which protect from discrimination due to religion, ethnic origin, functional disability, or gender.
    An employer who rejects a person for wearing any head garment like a scarf or turban must himself argue the existence of a reasonable and plausible condition. “There can be security reasons,” says, Dan Isaksson, Judge of Appeal and Secretary of the Discrimination Committee at the Justice Department.
    However, Jaspal Singh got on well and enjoyed military service. In seven weeks, he learned how to handle weapons, discipline, respect, and how to adjust in an open field. “It was never a problem. When we wore ou uniform, we were supposed to wear a cap, however, I wore my dastar. After a while, I changed and wore a green dastar instead, since it fits better [with the military uniform],” he said.
    Jaspal Singh has been active in the small Sikh community of Stockholm . Last July Jaspal Singh and Jasmeet Kaur with other youngsters organised a Gurmat camp for children. Also Jaspal Singh teaches children Gatka (Sikh martial art). May all be inspired and proud of Jaspal Singh's achievements and the strong faith and confidence he demonstrated in completing his basic military training while keeping the Sikh Rehat (discipline) with his head held high.
    The editors can be reached at editors@panthic.org
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    Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote Khoji Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 17 May 2007 at 3:07am
    STC - Dr. Waheguru Pal Singh Sidhu

    Course Director, New Issues in Security Course, Geneva Centre for Security Policy (GCSP)
    Saturday 26 May 2007

    Background:

    Dr. Waheguru Pal Singh Sidhu joined the Geneva Centre for Security Policy (GCSP) as a Faculty Member in September 2005 and teaches in the International Training Course, the New Issues in Security Course and the European Training Course on the United Nations, Regional Organisations, Southern Asia (particularly China and India), and nuclear and missile disarmament, arms control and proliferation especially in the Middle East and Asia. Before joining GCSP he was Senior Associate at the International Peace Academy, New York, where he directed a project on the United Nations and regional organisations and a project on ' Kashmir: New Voices, New Approaches ' as well as co-directed a project on ' Iraq Crisis and World Order '.

    Dr. Sidhu was appointed as a Consultant to the first and second United Nations Panel of Governmental Experts on Missiles in 2001-2002 and 2004 respectively and remains involved with an ongoing UN study on the subject. He was also appointed as a member of the Resource Group setup to assist the United Nations High-Level Panel on Threats, Challenges and Change in 2004. Previously he also worked as a journalist for several Indian publications for a decade.

    Dr. Sidhu earned his Ph.D. from the University of Cambridge, for his dissertation on The Development of an Indian Nuclear Doctrine Since 1980. He holds a Masters in International Relations from the School of International Studies, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi and a Bachelor's degree in History from St. Stephen's College, Delhi University, India.

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    Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote pammi pammi Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 17 May 2007 at 4:14am

    Dear Mysti g! I have tried to translate the song of Rabbi Shergill. I hope u will like it.

    Regards

    S Pammi

     

    Bulla, ki jaana main kaun

    (No one can ever understand me)
    Bulla, ki jaana main kaun

    (No one can ever understand me)

    Na main momman vich maseetan

    (I m neither a MULLA(religious head) in the Masjid)
    Na main vich kufar dian reetan,

    (I m not bound by any rituals)
    Na main pakan vich paleetan

    (nor I cooked in any utensils)
    Na main Moosa na Faraoon.
    (nor I m any Moosa(religious head))
    Na mai andar bed kitaban

    (nor I m available in religious books)
    Na vich bhanga na sharaban,

    (nor I can be achieved by consuming drugs or Alcohols)
    Na vich rienda mast kharaban

    (nor I m available in intoxicated people)
    Na vich jagan na vich saun.

    (I neither wake up nor sleep)

    Na vich shadi na ghamnaki

    (I m neither happy nor sad)
    Na main vich paleetee pakee
    Na main aaabi na main khaki

    (I m neither a common man nor special) 
    Na main aatish na main paun

    (I neither angry nor soft) 
    Bulla, ki jaana main kaun

    (No one can ever understand me)
     

    Na main arabi na lahori

    (I m neither Arab nor a Lahori)
    Na main hindi shehar nagaori,

    (I m nor an hindi speaking)
    Na hindu na turk pashauri

    (neither a Hindu nor Turt nor Pishauri)
    Na main rehnda vich nadaun.

    (nor I m available in ignorants)

    Na main bhed mazhab de paya

    (I neither believe in religious thought)
    Na main aadam-hav da jaya

    (I m neither a human’s born nor born by nature)
    Na main apna naam dharaya

    (I have no name)
    Na vich baithan na vich bhaaun

    ( I m neither sitting nor standing)

    Avval-aakhar aap nu jana

    (I know only myself)
    Na koi dooja hor pacchana,

    (I don’t recognize any one else)
    Maithon hor na koi sayana

    (no one is perfect, but me)
    Bulla shauh kherha hai kaun.

    (I m the only creator)

    Bulla, ki jaana main kaun.
    (No one can ever understand me)



    Edited by pammi pammi
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    Post Options Post Options   Thanks (0) Thanks(0)   Quote Pure Soul Quote  Post ReplyReply Direct Link To This Post Posted: 17 May 2007 at 9:18am
     Dear Pammi ji, i really appreciate the efforts you make to translate your poems. I know how difficult it is to translate poems from your mother tongue to another language, sometimes the true feeling behind the words doesnt get through. I do understand the song Ji, many thanks for your efforts...

    Be happy always,

    Selina

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